How to Complain About an Estate Agent
Written by Zenyx Griffiths
29th Apr 2020 (Last updated on 7th May 2020) 8 minute read
There are a number of paths to take when making a complaint about an estate agent. You should first discuss the issue directly with your estate agent before contacting the appropriate body. Think carefully before filing a complaint and ensure you give your agent enough time to respond.
Selling a home can be stressful enough without having to deal with complaints. However, if you do unfortunately find yourself in that circumstance, then we have everything you need to begin the process.
To take you through the steps of selling your home, Compare My Move creates insightful guides with the help of our highly-skilled finance and property experts. In this article, we will discuss the process of making a complaint against an estate agent and who you should contact to begin the procedure.
What Are the Main Responsibilities of an Estate Agent?
An estate agent has many responsibilities when it comes to helping you sell your home. Some of the main responsibilities include:
- Valuing your home
- Marketing your home
- Conducting viewings
- Negotiating offers
- Keeping the process moving smoothly
With their local knowledge and expert experience, they can help you put your home up for sale and ensure it is sold to its fullest potential. However, they do also have legal obligations that you should be aware of before starting the process.
Estate agents must not deliberately mislead a potential buyer when they enquire about a property. They must also abide by the Estate Agents Act 1979 which states that they must:
- Provide you with the details of all fees included in the contract.
- Not show bias towards or against any potential buyers interested in the property.
- Pass on any offer a buyer makes to the seller.
- Explain to you, in writing, the meaning of all terms used in the contract.
In 2013, the government altered the law ensuring that all estate agents must also comply with the stricter measures put in place under Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations (CPRs). These strict measures mean that estate agents must:
- Ensure that any and all information they provide is accurate. This includes written information, pictures or verbal information.
- Not leave out or neglect any information that potential buyers need to make informed decisions.
- Not pressurise any party to act quickly - this includes both buyers and sellers.
- Have a complaints procedure in place that must be followed by all members of staff who will come in contact with the public.
Any breaches of these rules can be classed as a cause for complaint. It’s important to research the estate agent you’d like to work with beforehand to ensure they have an appropriate complaint procedure in place. Don’t forget to ask them about their fees when selling to ensure nothing is hidden.
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Making a Complaint Directly to the Estate Agent
In 2017, the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy released a report stating that even though there was a low percentage of sellers who were dissatisfied with their estate agents, only one-third went on to make a complaint. Although they did not officially complain, 24% stated that they would use a different estate agent if they had to redo the process.
This data shows the importance of being aware of the process of making a complaint and knowing how to open a line of communication. The first step of which, should be going straight to said estate agent.
You should always speak directly to your estate agent first and raise any concerns you may have with them. This will then give the agent an opportunity to put things right before you take your complaint any further.
The agent may not be able to resolve your complaint immediately due to other work commitments. It would be wise to establish some sort of deadline to adhere to. This usually means giving them roughly 8 weeks to address your complaint.
During this time, you should make notes of any conversations you’ve had with anyone regarding the complaint, noting the date and time as well as who you spoke to. Keep copies of any communication you’ve had with the agent as well.
If they do not respond to your complaint or you’re unhappy with the way that they handled it, you should then make a formal complaint. This should be done through the agent’s internal complaints procedure.
Escalating Your Complaint
There are a number of ways to escalate your complaint after contacting the estate agent. If they do not handle the complaint to a satisfactory level, you can either complain to their trade association or to a redress body such as The Property Ombudsman or The Property Redress Scheme.
In 2007, it became mandatory for estate agents to be a member of an ombudsman scheme and so it should be fairly simple to discover which body they belong to.
Complain Via The Property Ombudsman (TPO)
To make a complaint via The Property Ombudsman, you must first contact the estate agent directly and wait 8 weeks for a reply. If the reply is insufficient or if they didn’t reply at all, you can contact the Ombudsman either by telephone, email or letter. You can then discuss the complaint with a caseworker.
You can view a template of their complaints letter here.
TPO is a redress body that was established to provide a free, fair and independent service to help customers deal with disputes between them and their estate agents. If a member doesn’t abide by their code of practice, TPO may accept the complaint and carry out a formal investigation to reach an agreement between you and the estate agent.
One of the Ombudsman’s responsibilities is to investigate all complaints fairly and impartially and to listen to both sides of the story. It is their job to decide what action is taken and what happens if you and the estate agent cannot agree on an outcome. If you do not wish to accept the final decision, you can ask for a formal review.
In 2018, the Property Ombudsman released their annual report which showed a 16% rise in the number of complaints made against estate and letting agents. Of these complaints, 2,782 were supported by the Ombudsman, with 2,381 requiring a financial award to be paid to the consumer. 60% of these complaints were from sellers.
TPO covers over 95% of sales agents and so they’re often contacted when sellers need to make a complaint. Although the awards given are often small, they can still provide some sort of relief.
Complain Via The Property Redress Scheme (TPRS)
Much like The Property Ombudsman, the Property Redress Scheme is another redress body established to ensure a fair and independent service for dealing with complaints against property agents.
If your estate agent is a member of this particular body, then these are who you must contact to escalate your complaint. The estate agent will likely either be a member of The Property Redress Scheme or The Property Ombudsman.
The complaint process is very similar to TPO as, once you contact them, they will offer an independent investigation of the complaint. They will be fair and unbiased and will look for both sides of the story for further information.
Again, make sure you’ve first discussed your complaint directly with the estate agent and have gone through their personal complaints procedure before contacting TPRS.
Complain to Their Trade Association
Your estate agent should be a member of a trade association or professional body. Ask them directly if you’re unsure and don’t forget to check their website or paperwork. If they breach the rules set out by this body or they breach its code of conduct, then the estate agent could face disciplinary action.
The biggest and most common trade association is the National Association of Estate Agents (NAEA).
The NAEA’s website allows you to check if your estate agent is a current member and can also provide you with its code of conduct. All members are bound by strict rules and so the NAEA can take action on your behalf if necessary.
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What to Do If You Still Can’t Get Your Problem Fixed
If your issue still isn’t resolved, you may be able to take legal action. However, this can be very costly. The more you’ve exhausted your other options to complain, the better your case will look to a court judge.
It’s important to gather as much evidence as possible if you wish to go down this route. This is why it’s often advised that you first go through the other processes of settling a dispute. Go through the estate agents internal complaints procedure first and then, if necessary, take your complaint further.
If you still believe your only option is to take legal action, then you should contact a solicitor to discuss your situation. They may suggest you go through the small claims court to resolve the issue.
Save When Selling With Compare My Move
Whether it’s an estate agent or conveyancer, it’s important to find verified and experienced professionals to help you through the process. Compare My Move can help you save both time and money when selling your property by connecting you with reliable conveyancing solicitors, surveyors and removal companies in your local area.
Hiring the right professional is critical to a smooth and organised process, which is why all of our partners are verified, experienced and fully insured. Simply complete our online form and you’ll be connected to the best in the business in no time!